Skin and Subcutaneous tissue lesions-2

Skin and Subcutaneous tissue lesions

There are a number of skin conditions that cause lumps and bumps to appear on the surface or just below the skin and includes the following:

  • Skin cysts
  • Sebaceous  cysts
  • Lipomas

Skin Cysts

Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material.

Cysts are common on the skin and can appear anywhere. They feel like large peas under the surface of the skin. Cysts can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.

Sebaceous cysts

Benign (non-cancerous) skin cysts formed by an outpouching from the hair follicle. Most commonly, sebaceous cysts are found on the genitals, chest, and back; but, they also can occur in other areas of the skin.

What would I complain of if I have a sebaceous cyst?

In general, epidermoid cysts have a round appearance. A dark portion of the cyst is visible on the skin. If infected, they will become red and painful. If squeezed, they can produce a whitish cheesy material.

How Are Sebaceous cysts Treated?

Complete removal of the sac is the best treatment. If the cyst is squeezed and the discharge is forced out without removing the sac, the cyst will return. Antibiotics may be prescribed for infected cysts.

Lipomas

Lipomas are subcutaneous soft tissue tumors made of fat that usually are slow-growing and are harmless. They appear anywhere on the body.

What Are the Symptoms of Lipomas?

Lipomas can appear as solitary nodules or in groups. Most lipomas are less than 5 cm in diameter and have no symptoms, but they can cause pain when they compress the surrounding.

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